When it comes to Mediterranean countries, Spain is one of the most well-known. The capital of Spain is Madrid. Spain has a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy. The Monarch is Felipe VI, and the Prime Minister is Pedro Sánchez at the time of writing. Often viewed as the sunny capital of Europe, Spain is one of the most popular tourist and holiday destinations, with almost 83 million people entering Spain for travel in 2018 alone. Spain is located in the southwestern part of Europe, is close to Morocco, and borders France and Portugal. Moreover, its coastal regions border the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean; meanwhile, the country’s bulk is situated on a stretch of land known as the Iberian Peninsula. In addition to the mainland, other areas of Spain’s territory include the Canary Islands, the Balearic Islands, and several autonomous cities such as Ceuta and Melilla. The country spans 505,990 km2 and is the largest country in Southern Europe.
The population is estimated to be around 47.4 million Spanish women and men, making it within the top six countries by population within Europe; it also ranks 30th in terms of the population globally, contributing to 0.6% of the total global population. Modern humans have been estimated to date back 42,000 years in Spain, and the first cultures that began to appear were before Roman occupations. These included the Celts, ancient Iberians, and the Vascones. Since then, the Romans took over Spain, previously known as Hispania, and occupied the country from 218 BC. Spain remained under Roman rule until the collapse of the Western Roman Empire. The nationality split in Spain comprises 84.8% of Spaniards and 15.2% of other nationalities. The official language of Spain is Spanish; however, a small number of people speak Catalonian, which is recognized as its own language. The population density of Spain is approximately 94 per km2, which equates to 243 per square mile. There is a solid urban-to-rural split within the population, which is 80.3% urban and 19.7% living in rural communities. The most concentrated regions of the country are in the Catalonia region, notably Barcelona and Madrid, with the latter having an estimated population of 6.7 million.
Spain’s ethnicity is incredibly diverse, with the majority of Spain’s population representing Spaniards at 84.8%. However, around 1.7% of the population has Moroccan heritage; meanwhile, 1.2% of the population is of Romanian heritage. A further 12.3% are classed as other or mixed race. Still, there is a heavy lean towards a Spaniard culture. Stereotypically, Spanish women tend to have darker eyes, often deep brown in color, and tanned olive skin (especially for those who spend a lot of time outside or working in rural areas). In addition, most women tend to stand at around 5 feet 3 inches, making them somewhat shorter than the European average. Nevertheless, there are significant regional differences in hair and eye color. Spanish women put a lot of time and effort into their appearance, with many wearing heavy, bold, and bright makeup. Living in Spain is similar to other European countries such as Italy, Portugal, and France.